Bhut Jolokia Bhut Jolokia Naga Jolokia pepper Print


The Bhut Jolokia (naga morich), as it is commonly known—also known variously by other names (see etymology section below) in its native region, sometimes Naga Jolokia—is a chili pepper previously recognized by Guinness World Records as the hottest pepper in the world. The pepper is typically called the ghost chili or ghost pepper by U.S. media.

The Bhut Jolokia is an interspecific hybrid cultivated in the Assam region of northeastern India and parts of neighbouring Bangladesh.


It grows in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur, and the Sylhet region of Bangladesh. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as Nai Mirris (cobra chili). There was initially some confusion and disagreement about whether the Bhut was a Capsicum frutescens or a Capsicum chinense pepper, but DNA tests showed it to be an interspecies hybrid, mostly C. chinense with some C. frutescens genes.

In 2007, Guinness World Records certified the Bhut Jolokia as the world's hottest chili pepper, 401.5 times hotter than Tabasco sauce. On December 3, 2010, the Bhut Jolokia was replaced as the hottest known chili pepper by the Naga Viper pepper, which has an average peak Scoville rating more than 300,000 points higher than an average Bhut Jolokia - but still not higher than the hottest ever recorded Dorset Naga. In February 2011, Guinness World Records awarded the title of "World's Hottest Chilli" to the Infinity chilli grown in Grantham, England. This chilli rates at 1,067,286 units on the Scoville scale. Later the same month, on February 25, 2011, the title returned to the Naga Viper pepper with a rating of 1,382,118 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). The current "world's hottest" is the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T, officially tested at 1,463,700 SHU. These figures are highly controversial among the pepper growing community and tests with more rigorous scientific standards are yet to be conducted on the many various peppers vying for "world's hottest" status.



Buy Bhut Jolokia Seeds


Grow Bhut Jolokia - Naga Jolokia from seeds


Bhut Jolokia requires soil temperatures to be between 75°F and 90°F for proper germination. You may need to supply bottom heat with the aid of a propagation mat.
Soil must be kept moderately moist, never being allowed to completely dry out and never allowed to become soggy. This will destroy the embryo in the seed and they will not germinate.
The Bhut Jolokia can take up to 35 days just to germinate. They also have a very long growing period, up to 160 days before harvest.
The Bhut Jolokia is extremely hard to grow and we want you to succeed, so keep the faith!


Sow your Bhut seeds for 8-10 weeks indoors before it is safe to plant in the garden. Avoid starting too early as plants may become root-bound or leggy. Use a shallow flat or a recycled egg tray and a sterilized organic soil mix without fertilizer. You can sterilize your soil by pouring boiling water through it but please be careful if you do it this way. Optimal soil temperature for Bhut germination is between 80 and 85 degrees. Sew seeds 1/4 of an inch into soil. Bhut seeds take 2-4 weeks to germinate, but I have seen them show their first green leaf in 8-10 days in Hawaii. BUT, they can also take up to 35 days depending on soil temperature, and seed quality.

Seed themselves do not require light to germinate, however once the seeds have germinated you need to provide adequate light for the seedlings. The light that plants receive on a windowsill is often insufficient and may lead to leggy growth because plants stretch for the sunlight. A bright south facing window is usually sufficient, resulting in a more compact, healthier transplant to set out in the garden. Do not over water germinating seeds as this could lead to a fungal disease which could kill the young Bhuts.. Soil should be moist at planting time, but allowed to dry out somewhat on top before re-watering. Drain off water collected at the bottom of the planting tray so that seedlings are not sitting in water. In order to reduce transplanting shock, seedlings should be gradually conditioned to the outdoors for about a week before being set into the garden. Start off with just an hour or two of exposure to the outdoors at first, then increase time slowly until you are leaving them outdoors day and night. I ALWAYS put a protective container with the bottom cut out around the new transplant. A one gallon potting container works great. This will discourage crawling pests as well as protect the new seedling from the wind. Bhuts do not like too much wind or salty air.


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